Principles of Management: Critical thinking Questions

General Instructions :



  • make the work clear and well presented;
  • Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks.
  • All answers must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism

Reference: MGT490-Book-Chapter No-12 (Motivating Employees)

Assignment Question(s):


1.Define motivation and explain three motivational theories from the chapter (which they are Maslow’s Theory of Need Hierarchy, Herzberg’s Two Factors or Motivation-Hygiene Theory , Mc. Gregor’s Theory X and Theory Y). What kinds of needs motivate employees? Is a good reward good enough? How do other factors affect motivation? (Min words 200-300)

2.What are the types of incentives I might use to influence employee behavior? How can i use compensation and other rewards to motivate people? (Min words 200)

3.What is more important to you, extrinsic or intrinsic rewards? Which type of reward is more valuable to you? Why, (Min words 150-200)


4.Describe the needs for achievement, power, and affiliation, and how these needs affect work behaviour. Review the hygiene and motivators in the two-factor theory. Are there any hygiene factors that you would consider to be motivators and vice versa? (Min words 200-300)



What Motivated Workers in the Face of a Pandemic?


Sometimes it’s easy to figure out what’s going to motivate workers. But at other times it’s nearly impossible to know what would make someone want to persevere in a particular job. During the COVID-19 pandemic, health care workers across the globe stepped up and sacrificed themselves—in ways that the rest of us may never fully grasp—in order to take care of humanity. They exposed themselves and their families to the virus, they worked without proper personal protective equipment (PPE), and they kept at it during gruellingly long shifts, day after day. Reports estimated that health care workers’ infection rates were somewhere between 10% and 20% of the total cases. On the surface, it seemed there were no plausible explanations for why these workers continued to show up to their jobs throughout the crisis.

you will need to do further research beyond reading the chapter.

5.What were the major motivation issues at play in the health care industry according to the major needs-based theories of motivation (Maslow’s hierarchy, McClelland’s acquired needs, and Deci and Ryan’s self-determination)? (Min words 200-300)


6.What do you think were the major equity issues faced by health care workers during the pandemic? (Min words 200)

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